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Abdel Karim Salim Sharif / عبد الكريم سليم الشريف
Blog Contributor since:
13 February 2007

كاتب عربي من فلسطين مولود و مقيم في القدس.
بكالوريوس علوم سياسيّة.
التحق لمدّة سنة بكليّة عسكريّة في أمريكا.
يتقن 4 لغات: العربيّة, وألأنجليزيّة, والفرنسيّة, والعبريّة.
شغل عدّة وظائف في مجال السياحة والصحافة.

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Military Lexicon
This is a truncated guide to Soviet-made weapons , and US-made weapons.
المعجم العسكري
دليل موجز عن ألأسلحة السوفياتيّة وألأمريكيّة. 
  (*)First : Soviet-made weapons.
I-All Soviet-made tactical fighter-bomber aircraft have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter "F".
(1)Mig-15 (Fagot)
(5)Mig-23-fighter/interceptor-&Mig-27-ground-attack aircraft-(Flogger)
(10)Sukhoi-9 & 11(Fishpot)
II-All Soviet-made civil, & military helicopters have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter "H".
(3)Mil-8, & 17(Hip)
III-All Soviet-made strategic heavy bombers have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter"B".
(1)Yakovlev-28-bomber version-(Brewer)
IV-All Soviet-made freight & cargo aircraft, & airliners have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter"C".
(16)Tupolev-144-"Concorde-type airliner"-(Charger)
V-All Soviet-made maritime patrol aircraft, & early-warning aircraft,& electronic-mission aircraft have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter"M".
(4)Tupolev-126-Soviet AWACS-(Moss)
VI-All Soviet-made air-to-surface missiles have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter "K".
VII-All Soviet-made air-to-air missiles have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter"A".
VIII-All Soviet-made surface-to-air missiles-anti-aircraft missiles-have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter"S".
(7)SAM-7(Grail)- its Russian name is "Strela"…
IX-All Soviet-made anti-tank guided missiles have NATO codenames that start with the alphabetical letter "S".
(9)AT-9(Spiral-improved version)
(13)AT-13(Saxhorn-improved version.Its Russian name is "Metis").
(14)AT-14(Its Russian name is "Kornet").
(*)Second: US-made weapons.
The US Armed Forces adopt a system of codes to refer to each category of weapons with respect to its function against specified targets.
#One- USAF ( United States Air Force) uses the following alphabetical letters to categorize combat & military aircraft :
F= Fighter
(Examples: F-100Super Saber, F-101 Voodoo, F-102 Delta Dagger, F-104 Starfighter, F-105 Republic Thunderchief,
F-106 Delta Dart, F-111, F-4 Phantom , F-5 Freedom Fighter,
F-8 Crusader , F-14 Tomcat, F-15 Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-18 Hornet, F-20 Tigershark, F-22 Rapier , F-35 Lightning II, F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter , etc…) .
B= Bomber(strategic)
(Examples: B-29 Flying Fortress, B-52 Stratofortress, B-58 Hustler, "X"B -70 Valkyrie, B-1 Lancer, B-2 Spirit stealth bomber,etc…).
A=Attack ( ground-attack,close-support aircraft)
(Examples: A-4 Skyhawk , A-5 Vigilante, A-6 Intruder, A-7 Corsair, A-10 Thunderbault II, F/A-18 Hornert "Fighter/Attack", etc…).
AH= Attack Helicopter( helicopter gunship)
(Example : AH-64 Apache attack helicopter ).
(Examples: C-17 Strikemaster, C-130 Hercules,
C-5 Galaxy, C-141 Starlifter,
C-47 Dakota, C-46 Commando, C-54 Skymaster, C-131 Samaritan,
C-97 Stratofreighter, C-118 Liftmaster, C-119 Packet, C-121 Super Constellation, C-123 Provider, C-133 Cargomaster, C-137 Stratolifter, etc…).
KC=Kerosine Cargo ( In-flight Refuelling Tanker Aircraft).
(Examples: KC-135 Stratotanker , KC-10 Extender , etc…).
SR= Strategic Reconnaissance "High-altitude , Mach 3.5 ultra-sonic reconnaisance".
(Examples: SR-71 Blackbird).
TR= Tactical Reconnaissance
(Examples: TR-1 ).
U= Utility
(Examples: U-2 Reconnaissance aircraft)
P= Patrol " Maritime Patrol Aircraft".
(Examples: P-2 Neptune , P-3 Orion).
E=Electronic Warfare Aircraft.
(Examples: EF-111 Raven , EA-6B Prowler, E-2 Hawkeye,
E-3 Sentry AWACS " Airborne Warning And Control System",
E-4 Command Post, etc…).
# Two- Designation codes for US-made missiles :
*)AIM = Air-launched, Aerial- intercept, Guided missile.
(Examples: AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-54 Phoenix air-to-air guided missiles).
*)AGM= Air-launched , Ground-attack, Guided missile.
(Examples: AGM-45 Shrike,AGM-65 Maverick,AGM-88 Harpoon, AGM-114 Hellfire, AGM-86 HARM, AGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missile air-to-ground  guided missiles).
*)RIM= Ship-launched , Aerial-intercept, Guided missile.
(Examples: RIM-66 Standard ship=launched anti-aircraft guided missile).
*)ARM= Air-launched, Ship-launched, Guided missile.
*)BGM= Launched from different platforms,Ground-attack, Guided missile.
(Examples: BGM-71 TOW, BGM-109 Tomahawk).
*)FIM= Shoulder-fired,Aerial-intercept,Guided missile.
(Examples: FIM-92 Stinger shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missile).
*) MIM=Mobile-launched,Aerial-intercept,Guided missile.
(Examples: MIM-23 HAWK, MIM-23B Improved HAWK).
#Three: Deciphering some US military codes/acronyms/initials…
*)HELLFIRE (missile launched by Apache helicopters) = Helicopter-launched, fire and forget missile.
*)HARM = High-Speed Anti-Radiation (missile). This is an anti-radar missile…
*)TOW= Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided missile.This is an anti-tank missile.
*)LAW = Light Anti-tank Weapon( this is the US equivalent of the Soviet-made RPG anti-tank projectile).
*)ALARM= Air-Launched Anti-Radiation Missile( British-built anti-radar guided missile).
*)HAWK= Homing All the Way Killer (US-made surface-to-air anti-aircraft guided missile).
*)GBU= Guided Bomb Unit.
*)CBU= Cluster Bomb Unit.
*)SRAM= Short Range Attack Missile.
*)SLAM=Ship-launched/Surface-launched Attack Missile.
*)AMRAAM= Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile.
(*) Third : Addendum
APS= Armor-Piercing Sabot.
APDS= Armor-Piercing Discarding Sabot.
APFSDS= Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot.
HE=High Explosive.
HEAT= High-Explosive Anti-Tank.
HESH=High-Explosive Squash Head.
MBT=Main Battle Tank.
SLS= Star Light Scope.
MICV= Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle.
ADS= Air Defense System.
DOD= Department of Defense(Pentagon).
ICBM=Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile.
SLBM=Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile.
SSK= Convntionally-powered Attack Submarines.
SSBN= Nuclear-powered,Ballistic missile Submarine
SSGN=Nuclear-powered Cruise Missile Submarine.
LBM=Land-Based Missiles.
ABM= Anti-Ballistic Missile(system).
MIRV=Multiple,Independently-targeted,Re-entry Vehicle.
MAD= Mutual Assured Destruction.
MRL=Multiple Rocket Launcher.
MIC=Military Industrial Complex.
CEP=Circular Error Probability.
Tactical Nuclear Weapons= Kiloton Range of TNT.
Strategic Nuclear Weapons= Megaton Range of TNT.
MAC= Military Air Commnd.
SAC=Strategic Air Command.
TAC=Tactical Air Command.
Deterrence=Resolve x(multiplied by)Capability.
NBC System= Nuclear,Biological,Chemical System.
ADV=Air Defense Variant.
IDS=Interdiction Strike.
INS =Inertial Navigation System.
SARH=Semi-Active Radar Homing.
AR=Active Radar.      

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